Ionic 2 is considered as a part of the hybrid mobile development framework family. Ionic 2 embraces the structure and design of AngularJS 2, taking inspiration for their design language from Android, Material Design, and iOS. Ionic also comes with pre-developed and styled components making it easier for developers and programmers to create the respective UI of an app. The UI is not native but can give the appearance of a native UI.
Ionic is a defined framework on top of Cordova, which is used to access the phone hardware functionality. The performance will be slower in comparison to React Native since here you have to write the HTML code in your Android activities. If your user’s smartphone has a slow processor then it can lead to performance or graphical issues.
It is mandatory that user should download plugins to access native functionality. The best illustration for this is downloading Cordova plugins for the usage of Google Maps.
With Ionic 2, TypeScript components include more tasks which help in making component activities slower compared to directly working with native API. Nevertheless, it is also equally important to have a look of pros and cons of Ionic 2 framework.
- Includes fast development-testing cycle.
- It cross-compiles to iOS and Android.
- Ionic is easy to learn & work with.
- The user can write code in TypeScript, which makes it easy if a developer comes from background of AngularJS 2.
- There could be performance issues if a developer uses a lot of call-backs to the native code.
- If users prefer the native UI look, the same UI look in all the devices could put them off which is considered to be little boring.
React Native is an extension of React.js developed by Facebook, using the same principles, such as Virtual DOM for updating the UI. The user can calculate the changes which need to happen to the UI in the background and once those changes are incorporated, it’s applied in batches. The advantage here is, the user will not interfere with UI thread, which gives you a responsive UI. The major drawback is slow communication with the underlying native OS. If a user familiar with React, he/she know it focuses heavily on user-interfaces, React Native does the same.
React Native is cross-platform which means the same code-base can be used for development of applications for both iOS and Android. It wraps around the native code of specific platforms in such a way that logic layer is the same across the web, mobile, and other operating systems. Unlike Ionic, it is not designed to write once, run everywhere, so a developer needs to change some platform specific code since the goal is to create the closest native look as possible. Now let us have a look of pros and cons of this framework.
- Ionic apps enable developers with both cross-platform deployment and deployment to the mobile web as a Progressive Web App with the same code.
- The same code base is used to develop applications for Android, iOS, Windows Phone.
- Better performance than Ionic 2, since the processing of hardware functionalities.
- React is easier to maintain with large projects as it follows the respective design patterns and paradigms.
- React Native feels like a native app.
- The process of converting HTML code to native code can include lots of bugs within the specific code. Every time it is important to debug the respective code whenever it is compiled.
React Native motto is “learn once, write anywhere,” which means the developer using the same framework, and maybe shared components, although it is possible that user can maintain separate code for your Android and iOS apps.
Ionic 2 and React Native both are meant for the same usage but with different project requirements. If a developer is looking for performance, responsiveness and wants a native app, there’s no doubt React Native is best suitable framework for development. On the other hand, if the user includes low on time, budget and looking for support of Native Browser apps and is ready to compromise performance, then go with Ionic 2.